Carl Kolchak
Created by
Jeff Rice

"I promised I'd show up with a haircut, a new hat, and a pressed suit...
but I lie a lot."

-- Carl Kolchak

Poor CARL KOLCHAK. A wise-cracking, would-be hard-bitten newsman in a battered seersucker suit and straw boater hat, Kolchak would have been right at home in a 1940's newspaper flick. There, he could have uncovered a juicy corruptionscandal at city hall and gotten the goods on the local underworld boss, all while making time with the flirty, sharp-as-a-tack secretary at the editor's desk. But it seems Kolchak took a wrong turn somewhere and just kept going, ending up in a couple of 1970's TV movies (and a subsequent short-lived TV show) in which he kept stumbling across increasingly outrageous news stories that not only put his life in imminent danger, but inevitably involved horrific supernatural or paranormal beings like vampires, werewolves and aliens.

In fact, Carl seems to spend most of his time either being scared out of his tennis shoes by exceedingly lethal monsters, or (because the proof of his wild stories always seems to get lost, destroyed or covered up) as being regarded as certifiably nuts by his long-suffering editor Tony Vincenzo. Still, in the tradition of the best pulp heroes, Carl Kolchak never lets his outward cynicism stop him from battling near-hopeless odds in his quest for truth -- nor would he ever let the forces of supernatural evil prey on the innocent (even if in destroying said evils, the luckless Kolchak also often ends up destroying the only proof he has of their existence.) All in all, this is pretty heroic behaviour for a guy who looks as if he hasn't bought any new clothing in at least 30 years.

Carl's roots were in an unpublished novel by Jeff Rice called The Kolchak Papers, written around 1970. Fortunately, someone saw some TV potential in an unpublished story about a fast-talking newshawk trying to track down a modern-day vampire, and it was adapted into the 1972 TV movie The Night Stalker by horror writer Richard Matheson (The Twilight Zone). Then, in two great bits of casting, Darren McGavin (Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer, The Outsider) was given the plum role of crusading wisenheimer Kolchak, and Simon Oakland was assigned to play Tony Vincenzo, his short-tempered, incredulous boss (and reluctant friend).

Set in Las Vegas, the resulting TV film turned out to be a near ideal mix of B-movie horror and humour, and at the time of its original airing it became the most highly-rated TV movie of all time, with a 33.2 rating and a 54 share. Highly regarded then, The Night Stalker still holds up today as a superior example of how to do semi-low budget horror the right way; concentrate on the writing and acting, develop some genuinely interesting (and intelligent!) characters, and keep the 'monster' in the shadows where it belongs.

Naturally, the success of the initial TV movie inevitably led to a sequel. The Night Strangler (1973) found Kolchak in Seattle, again working for Tony Vincenzo, and stumbling across another weird news story involving people being mysteriously drained of their blood. It's not quite as good as the original, but it's still fun, and it features a virtual parade of great character actors in terrific supporting and minor roles.

Then came the TV series, variously known as Kolchak, or The Night Stalker or (most often) as Kolchak: The Night Stalker. Debuting on September 13, 1974 (Friday the 13th, natch!) the show now found Carl toiling for the Independent News Service, a low-rent wire service run out of Chicago byoh, c'mon, just try to guessthat's right, his old friend and nemesis Tony Vincenzo.

Although inconsistent, the short-lived TV show quickly become a long-time cult favourite, and has frequently been attributed as the inspiration of Chris Carter's The X-Files. The parallels are obvious: as with Carter's show, each week on Kolchak:The Night Stalker our smart-mouthed, crusading hero gets hold of a seemingly-straightforward, but officially unexplained mystery, a mystery that upon further investigation somehow blossoms into a wild encounter with werewolves, killer robots, vampires, invisible aliens, or other even weirder creatures. And each week, our hero not only has to do battle with these bizarre (and lethal) supernatural entities, he also has to cross swords with skeptical colleagues, disbelieving superiors, and hostile public officials, all trying for one reason or another to stop him from getting at, and/or revealing, The Truth. Now if that doesn't sound like a template for the X-Files' Fox Mulder, what does?

Fortunately, Carter himself has acknowledged Kolchak as a major X-Files inspiration. In fact, Carter even went so far as to cast McGavin in a recurring role as a retired X-Files veteran with an acerbic personality and a familiar rumpled wardrobe

Despite its cult-like following, however, Kolchak: The Night Stalker only lasted for one season. Some say it was because of mediocre ratings; others claim that Jeff Rice (the original creator of the Kolchak character, remember?) derailed the series when he sued the production company, allegedly because the TV show was done without his permission. Whatever the reason for its demise, though, at its best Kolchak: The Night Stalker was certainly one of the top hard-boiled horror comedies ever made. Carl's voice-over dialogue (often dictated into his tape recorder as he was making notes for his news stories) was always bluntly cynical, generally funny and occasionally even quasi-poetic; the chemistry between Carl and Tony was invariably fresh, edgy and tension-filled; and there were a plethora of great character roles for actors like Keenan Wynn (two episodes as an antagonistic police captain), John Fiedler (three eps as earnest, freewheeling mortician Gordie The Ghoul), James Gregory, Scatman Crothers, Alice Ghostley, Phil Silvers, Ruth McDevitt (unforgettable as Miss Emily in "Horror in the Heights"), and many others.

(Incidentally, for those who are wondering why this show was generally so well written and cast, maybe it had something to do with it being the first important writer/consultant credit for David Chase, later of The Rockford Files and later still of The Sopranos.)

Overall, even if Kolchak: The Night Stalker has a few really clunky episodes (and, oh my it does, it does), and even if some people can't get past the idea that Carl keeps coming across supernatural beings every week for no readily apparent reason (unlike, Angel or Buffy The Vampire Slayer, where the concept of the Hellmouth helped to explain why all those otherworldly beasties kept showing up in Sunnydale), the show ultimately works. It's partly the acting, it's partly the writing.  But it's mostly because the fast-talking, not-entirely-honest, quite-often-a-gigantic-pain-in-the-ass Carl Kolchak --- a guy who would be the first to deflect any accusations of heroism with a well-timed sarcastic comment --  really is a genuine 'reluctant hero' in the best pulp tradition.

****

After the show ended, all was quiet in Kolchak-land for a long time. The Night Stalker, The Night Strangler and 16 of the series' 20 episodes were released into syndication. The remaining four episodes were (rather ineptly) edited into a couple of two-hour ersatz TV movies which are now infrequently seen, and should best be avoided in this butchered state anyway.

Rice's original novel was published in 1973 as The Night Stalker, then reissued in 1993 as The Kolchak Papers #1: The Night Stalker. The following year Mark Dawidziak published Carl's first original adventure in 19 years, The Kolchak Papers #2: Grave Secrets. (This one's initially set in LA, and yes, Vincenzo turns up there, too.) However, a planned followup series of Kolchak Papers novels never materialized.

Then in 2002, Moonstone Comics began to release a series of Kolchak graphic novels, including one issue that was adapted by Moonstone editor Joe Gentile from a legendary 'lost' TV episode script. Finally, after a series of stand-alone issues, in November 2003 there came an on-going Kolchak comic book series from Moonstone. Set in the present day, in these new comics Carl hasn't aged a bit!  Hmm maybe Carl Kolchak himself is a vampire?

Nah. No self-respecting 21st century vampire would be caught dead in a seersucker suit, a straw boater hat and tennis shoes.

THE LATEST

  • March 2005: There's a planned revival of the 1972-75 series. Stuart Townsend has been cast as Kolchak. No word on creator Jeff Rice's involvement.
    (Christopher Gumprich)

NOVELS

  • The Night Stalker (1973, by Jeff Rice; AKA The Kolchak Papers #2: The Night Stalker )
  • The Kolchak Papers #2: Grave Secrets (1994; by Mark Dawidziak)

COLLECTIONS

  • Kolchak: The Nightstalker Chronicles (2005). Buy this book
    Collection of original stories by assorted mystery, horror and comic weriters such as Max Allan Collins, Stuart M. Kaminsky, Ed Gorman, Elaine Bergstrom, P.N. Elrod, Robert Weinberg, Brett Matthews, C. J. Henderson, Mark Dawidziak, Peter David, Chuck Dixon, Steven Grant, Mike W. Barr and Gary Phillips.

  • Kolchak: The Night Stalker Casebook (2007)....Buy this book
    More tales of things that go bump in the night, with contributions from Christopher Golden, John Ostrander, Robert J. Randisi, Tom DeFalco, John Everson, Gary Phillips and James Reasoner, among others.

SCRIPTS

  • Richard Matheson's Kolchak Scripts (2004; by Richard Matheson) ...Buy this book
    Contains scripts for the TV movies"The Night Stalker" and "The Night Strangler," plus "The Night Killers," an unproduced script written by Matheson and William F. Nolan.

TELEVISION

  • THE NIGHTSTALKER...Buy this DVD
    (1972, ABC)
    Made-for-television movie
    Premiere: January 11, 1972
    Teleplay by Richard Matheson and Jeff Rice
    Directed by John Llewellyn Moxey
    Starring Darren McGavin as CARL KOLCHAK
    and Simon Oakland as Tony Vincenzo
    Also starring
    Carol Lynley, Ralph Meeker, Claude Akins, Kent Smith, Larry Linville
    .
  • THE NIGHT STRANGLER...Buy this video...Buy this DVD
    (1973, ABC)
    Made-for-television movie
    Premiere: January 16, 1973
    Teleplay by Richard Matheson
    Directed by Dan Curtis
    Starring Darren McGavin as CARL KOLCHAK
    and Simon Oakland as Tony Vincenzo
    Also starring
    Jo Ann Pflug, Scott Brady, Wally Cox, Margaret Hamilton, John Carradine, Richard Anderson
    .
  • KOLCHAK: THE NIGHTSTALKER
    (1974-75, ABC)
    Television series
    20 60-minute episodes
    Premiere: January 11, 1973
    Writers: Bill S. Ballinger, Rudolph Borchert, David Chase, Steve Fisher, Alvin R. Friedman, Bob Gale, Michael Kozoll, Stephen Lord, Zekial Marko, Paul Playdon, Arthur Rowe, Jimmy Sangster, Dirk Wayne Summers, Robert Zemeckis
    Directors:
    Allen Baron, Michael Caffey, Alexander Grasshoff, Gordon Hessler, Bruce Kessler, Gene Levitt, Don McDougall, Vincent McEveety, Seymour Robbie, Robert Scheerer,Don Weis
    Starring Darren McGavin as CARL KOLCHAK
    and Simon Oakland as Tony Vincenzo
    .
    Also starring Jack Grinnage as Ron Updyke (episodes 1, 3-19)
    Ruth McDevitt as Emily Cowles
    John Fiedler as Gordy Spangler (episodes 2-3, 19)
    Carol Ann Susi as Monique Marmelstein (episodes 2-3, 5)
    and James Gregory as The Police Captain Quill
    Guest stars: Mickey Gilbert, Ruth McDevitt, Charles Aidman, Scatman Crothers, O. William Faison, Antonio Fargas, Dick Van Patten, Suzanne Charney , Richard Gautier, Nita Talbot, Tom Skerritt, Alice Ghostley, Virginia Gregg, Keenan Wynn, Shelly Novack, Paul Sorenson, Jamie Farr, Pat Harrington Jr., Nina Foch , Keenan Wynn, Erik Estrada, Cathy Lee Crosby, George Savalas, Tom Bosley
  • Season One....Buy the complete season on DVD
  • "The Ripper" (September 13, 1974)
  • "The Zombie" (September 20, 1974)
  • "They Have Been, They Are, They Will Be..." (September 27, 1974; AKA "UFO")
  • "The Vampire" (October 4, 1974)
  • "The Werewolf" (November 1, 1974)
  • "Firefall" (November 8, 1974)
  • "The Devil's Platform" (November 15, 1974)
  • "Bad Medicine" (November 29, 1974)
  • "The Spanish Moss Murders" (December 6, 1974)
  • "The Energy Eater" (December 13, 1974)
  • "Horror in the Heights" (December 20, 1974)
  • "Mr. R.I.N.G." (January 10, 1975)
  • "Primal Scream" (January 17, 1975)
  • "The Trevi Collection" (January 24, 1975)
  • "Chopper" (January 31, 1975)
  • "Demon in Lace" February 7, 1975)
  • "Legacy of Terror" February 14, 1975)
  • "The Knightly Murders" March 7, 1975)
  • "The Youth Killer" March 14, 1975)
  • "The Sentry" March 28, 1975)
  • CRACKLE OF DEATH
    TV movies compiled from episodes "Firefall" and "The Energy Eater"
    .
  • DEMON AND THE MUMMY
    TV movies compiled from episodes "Demon in Lace" and "Legacy of Terror"
    .
  • THE NIGHTSTALKLER: TWO TALES OF TERROR...Buy this video
    Video featuring the episodes "The Ripper" and "The Vampire"

GRAPHIC NOVELS

  • KOLCHAK THE NIGHT STALKER ...Buy this book
    (2002, Moonstone Comics)
    Graphic novel
    Story by Jeff Rice
    Adaptation of the novel by Jeff Rice, based on his original teleplay/novel.
    .
  • LAMBS TO THE SLAUGHTER ...Buy this book
    ( 2002, Moonstone Comics)
    Graphic novel
    Story by Joe Gentile
    Art by Trevor Von Eeden and Ken Wolak
    Cover by Doug Klauba
    .
  • FEVER PITCH ...Buy this book
    (2003, Moonstone Comics)
    Graphic novel
    Story by Stuart M. Kaminsky
    Art by Christopher Jones and Barbara Schulz
    Cover by Doug Klauba
    .
  • THE GET OF BELIAL ...Buy this book
    (2003, Moonstone Comics)
    Graphic novel
    Adapted by Joe Gentile, from an unproduced TV script
    Art by Art Nichols
    Cover by Doug Klauba
    .
  • DEVIL IN THE DETAILS ...Buy this book
    (2003, Moonstone Comics)
    44-page graphic novel
    Story by Stefan Petrucha
    Art by Trevor Von Eeden and Ken Wolak
    Cover by Doug Klauba
    .
  • PAIN MOST HUMAN
    (2003, Moonstone Comics)
    Graphic novel
    Story by CJ Henderson
    Art by Greg Scott, Andre Maitland, Doug Klauba
  • PAIN WITHOUT TEARS
    (2004, Moonstone Comics)
    Graphic novel
    Story by CJ Henderson
    Art by Dennis Calero
    .
  • KOLCHAK THE NIGHT STALKER ...Buy this book
    (2004)
    Graphic novel
    Story by Stuart Kaminsky .

COMICS

  • KOLCHAK: TALES OF THE NIGHT STALKER
    (2003-05, Moonstone)
    On-going series
    Writer: Dave Ulanski
    Art: Chris Marrinan, Keith Williams, Ken Wolak, Monte Moore, Dave Ulanski, Pat Olliffe, Ron Frenz, Chris Burnham
  • (November 2003, #1)
  • (#2)
  • "The Creatures of Habbit" (#3)
  • (#4)

Respectfully submitted by Rudyard Kennedy, with additional information Kevin Burton Smith. Kolchak illustration by Doug Klauba, from the Moonstone graphic novel, The Get of Belial.


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